bq. Lesson 2, Rules of Grammar

Rules of Grammar Lessons
1    2    3    4    5    6    7    8    9

Instructions: Read and study each rule and do the exercises for the rule. If you fail any of the exercises, you will fail the lesson.  Simply restudy and redo the lessons to pass to the next lesson.

Rules 11-20

..Rule 11:. Make the verb in a question agree with its subject.  To check for correctness, turn the sentence into a statement.  If the statement is correct, then the sentence is correct.

Example: Are your shoes new?  Your shoes are new.

      Are you going to the party?

      Are your parents coming to pick you up?

      Are the twins coming with you?

      Where have the flowers gone?

      Why haven’t they called?

      Doesn’t he care anymore?

Choose the correct answer:

39. (Is, Are) you going to the party?

40. (Are, Is) your parent coming to pick you up?

41. (Is, Are) the twins coming with you?

42. Where (has, have) the flowers gone?

43. Why (hasn’t, haven’t) they called?

44. (Don’t, Doesn’t) he care anymore?

..Rule 12:. If a sentence begins with there, or the contraction there’s, do not mistake there for the subject.  Find the real subject and make the verb agree with it.

       There are three eggs in the bowl.

       There’s a child in the store.

 Choose the correct answer:

45. There (is, are) three eggs in the bowl.  (eggs are)

46. There (is, are) a child in the store.  (child is)

..Rule 13:. Use a verb that agrees with the subject rather than with some other word that comes between the subject and verb.

Example: The box of oranges is on the table.  (“Oranges” is not the subject).  To find the subject ask yourself, “what is?”

 Choose the correct answer:

 47.   The box of oranges (are, is) on the table.

48.  The group of girls (was, were) laughing.

 ..Rule 14:. Use a plural verb with compound subjects joined by and.

 •     The girl and boy were walking together.

     Apples and oranges are in the fruit bowl.

 Choose the correct answer:

49. The girl and boy (was, were) walking together.

50. Apples and oranges (is, are) in the fruit bowl.

 ..Rule 15:. Use a plural verb with scissors, shears, trousers, slacks, pliers, and similar words.

 •     These shears are heavy.

     Those tweezers look like Mom’s.

Choose the correct answer:

 51. These shears (is, are) heavy.

52. Those tweezers (look, looks) like Mom’s.

53. The trousers (were, was) dry.

54. The slacks (has, have) been pressed.

55. The pliers (haven’t, hasn’t) left his hand since he started work.

 ..Rule 16:. Compound subjects with or, nor, either-or, neither-nor.

A. If both subjects are singular, use a singular verb.

      Soda or juice is her regular drink.

      The winner is either Sue or Mary.

Choose the correct answer:

56.   Soda or juice (are, is) her regular drink.

57.   The winner (is, are) either Sue or Mary.

B. If both subjects are plural, use a plural verb.

       Neither the teachers nor the students are in the cafeteria.

Choose the correct answer:

58. Neither the teachers nor the students (is, are) in the cafeteria.

C. If one subject is singular and the other is plural, make the verb agree with the subject that is closest to the verb.

     Neither the girls nor their brother was at home.

     Are either the teachers or the principal in the office?

Choose the correct answer:

59. Neither the girls nor their brother (was, were) at home.

60. (Are, Is) either the teachers or the principal in the office?

..Rule 17:. beat and its forms

Always use a helping verb with beaten:

    Today I beat.  Yesterday I beat.  Often I have beaten.

Choose the correct answer:

61.  Today I (beat, beaten) my brother to the bus stop.

62. Yesterday he (beaten, beat) me to the bus stop.

63. Often I have (beat, beaten) him to the dinner table.

..Rule 18:. become and it forms

Use a helping verb with become; never use one with became.

    Today I become

    Yesterday I became.

    Often I have become.

Choose the correct answer:

64. Today I (become, became) serious about school.

65. Yesterday I (became, become) serious about football.

66. Often I have (become, became) serious about English grammar.

..Rule 19:. catch and its forms


Use the same form for the past and past participle.  Never used catched.

    Today I catch.

    Yesterday I caught.

    Often I have caught.

 Choose the correct answer:

67. Today I (catch, caught) the train in the morning.

68. Yesterday I (caught, catched) the train at noon.

69. Often I have (caught, catched) the train before lunch.


..Rule 20:. Use the subjective pronoun as part of a compound subject, (I, he, she, we, they, and who).

    He and I left the park together.

    She and he played ball together.

    They and we left home early.

    John and who else came late?

 Choose the correct answer:

70. He and (I, me) left the park together.

71.  She and (him, he) played ball together.

72.  We and (them, they) left home early.

73.  John and (who, whom) else came late?